The Chest Connection

Once you are comfortable standing tall and centered, with your shoulders down and back, it's time for the next stage. While it may seem simple, we're going to add things fairly rapidly, so remember to always return to the first posture exercises. Try to become aware of all the muscles in your body. Relax each one, until you feel almost ready to collapse. Your shoulders, back, legs, and feet should relax as much as possible, until it seems like only your skeleton and a few muscles are holding you up. Work on staying perfectly balanced over the center of your weight—think of it as being a point somewhere between the arches of your feet, a little in front of your heels. Try to become very aware of your center of balance, and stay right over it. Feel the tiny movements as you move around it.

Now, let your body lean slightly forward. The center of balance is somewhere on a line exactly between your feet. Let it move forward a little—maybe from a spot near your heels, to a place more toward the balls of your feet. Do it smoothly and gently, as if a puff of wind pushed against your back. Be aware of how your balance changes:


Try to visualize the exact center of your balance near  Pt. 1.
Now shift it gently forward along its axis to a spot near  Pt. 2.



Next, imagine that your chest is being pulled slightly up:




There are a couple of things to think about. As your chest comes forward and up, think about the distance between your chest and your belly button. Try to increase it slightly. Imagine the muscles of your abdomen lengthening and stretching a little. Another thing that helps is to take a deep breath just before each dance. This tends to fill and raise your chest up a bit more, and it gives an "up" feeling to your chest that usually stays with you through the dance.

Also, become aware of a small amount of tension in the front of your shins and the tops of your feet. It shouldn't be uncomfortable, but you should notice it. Finally, and most importantly, remain relaxed and conscious of your center of gravity. Your chest comes up, but your shoulders stay down and relaxed—and the tiny spot of balance between your feet has moved and inch or so along its axis, toward your toes.

If you want to be a good tango dancer, you should think about this a lot. Practice it in front of a mirror, and get used to the way it looks, both from the front, and also from the side. At first it will probably feel unnatural, but if you work at it and do it enough, it will begin to feel unnatural not to do it.


One of the current fads in stage tango is for the woman to arch her back, stick her butt out, and move it around as she dances. Most men, including me, won't have any objection to watching it—but in the milongas it sends a sort of "I'm a tourist from the tango workshops who doesn't dance very much" message. You won't find many of the good milongueras doing it, because they dance all the time, and one of the keys to staying relaxed and stepping smoothly is to relax the lower back.

Arching the lower back tightens the muscles, so try to straighten and relax it. Imagine you're laying on your back on the floor. Try to let all of your back straighten and contact the floor. Let your pelvis rotate forward slightly. When the hips rotate back, the lower back arches and tightens, the stomach goes out, and the chest goes in. All bad things. In addition, as any track sprinter knows, arching the back reduces the length of step you can take. So try to let the hips rotate forward to take the curve out.


Try not to arch your lower back. Flatten it by rotating your hips forward, or think
of bringing your butt in. The goal is a straight spine, with relaxed lower back muscles.


Now we have: Hips rotated a little forward, lower back flat, and stomach in. Shoulders down, chest out, and weight a little to the front. It's a lot to do. Don't get tied in knots. Relax, and get used to the posture. The more balanced you get, the less effort you'll use, because you won't have to use your muscles to bring yourself back to center as often. When you feel your neck or back or shoulders tighten, go back to the beginning. Use your checklist to loosen them again:

"String... stretch up... relax... tall... shoulders..." 

On the next page, we'll use some foot diagrams, like in the old Arthur Murray learn-to-dance books. We'll also demonstrate what may be the single most important exercise in tango. And like the stuff they sell on the television infomercials, it's safe, it's easy, it's simple... and you can use it anywhere!